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All our products are the result of intensive research and development. The new scientific findings have been published in international peer-reviewed journals. The most important publications on the facilities and procedures we offer are listed below.

Production device



Kerner, M., Wolff, T., Brinkmann, T. 2024. Efficient supply with carbon dioxide from flue gas during large scale production of microalgae: A novel approach for bioenergy facades. Bioresource Technology 391, Part A, 12991.


Kerner, M. 2023. Optimization of sound insulation of flat panel photobioreactors for bioenergy facades. Archit. Struct. Constr. 3, 113–127.


Wolff, T., Brinkmann, T., Scholle, C., Kerner, M. 2023. Membranbasierte Bereitstellung con CO2 für die dezentrale Algenproduktion in einer Bioenergiefassade. Chemie Ingenieur Technik. doi.  10.1002/cite.202300099.

Aßmus, E.; Weller, B.; Kerner, M. 2016. Adhesive Joints in Photobiogenerators - Preliminary Studies on Adhesive Materials. In: Schneider, J.; Weller, B. (Hrsg.): Engineered Transparency – Glass in Architecture and Structural Engineering. Berlin: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften, 2016.

M. Leupold, S. Hindersin, G. Gust, M. Kerner, D. Hanelt. 2012. Influence of mixing and shear stress on Chlorella vulgaris, Scendesmus obliquus and Chlamydomonas reinhardii. J. Appl. Phycol. DOI 10.1007/s1081-012-9882-5 


M. Leupold, S. Hindersin, M. Kerner, and Dieter Hanelt. 2013. The effect of discontinuous airlift mixing in outdoor flat panel photobioreactors on growth of Scenedesmus obliquus. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. DOI 10.1007/s00449-013-0939-x 


Krohn et al. 2013. Metagenome survey of a multispecies and Alga associated biofilm revealed key elements of bacterial-algal interactions in photobioreactors. Appl. Environm. Microbiol. 79(20): 6196. 


Hindersin et al. 2014. Key parameters for outdoor biomass production of Scenedesmus obliquus in solar tracked photobioreactors. J. Appl. Phycol. DOI 10.1007/s10811-014-0261-2

Process conditions

Krimech et al. 2022. Differences in adaptation to light and temperature extremes of Chlorella sorokiniana strains isolated from a wastewater lagoon. Bioresource Technology 350,126931.

Helamieh, M., Reich, M., Rohne, P., Riebesell, U., Kerner, M., Kümmerer, K. 2023. Impact of green and blue-green light on the growth, pigment concentration, and fatty acid unsaturation in the microalga Monoraphidium braune. Photochem. Photobiol. 9. DOI: 10.1111.php.13873.

Helamieh, M., Gebhardt, A., Reich, M., Kuhn, F., Kerner, M., Kümmerer, K. 2021. Growth and fatty acid composition of Acutodesmus obliquus under different light spectra and temperature. Lipids. DOI: 10-1002/lipid.12316.

Helamieh, Mark; Gehrke, Kai; Osterthun, Norbert; Vehse, Martin, Kerner, Martin. 2021. Photosynthese und Photovoltaik in hybriden Fassadensystemen – Entwicklung semitransparenter Photovoltaikmodule für gebäudeintegrierte Hybridsysteme aus Photosynthese und Photo-voltaik zur komplementären Nutzung des Sonnenlichts. BBSR-Online-Publikation 20/2021, Bonn


N. Osterthun et al. 2018. Spectrally Selective Solar Cells for Simultaneous Use of Photosynthesis and Photovoltaics; EU-PVSEC

​Logic control

Kerner, M, Gebken, T., Sundarrao, I., Hindersin, S. & D. Sauss. 2019. Development of a control logic to cover the demand for heat in a building with algae production in a bioenergy facade. Energy and Buildings 184: 65-71


Europäisches Patent Nr. EP 2 228 432 A1. Bioreaktor und Verfahren zum Betrieb eines Bioreaktors.


Europäisches Patent Nr. 2533627. Fassadenelement, Fassadenkonstruktion und Gebäude.


Patent DE 10 2013 217 653 A1 2015.03.05

Extraction method

Method of extracting hydrophobic compounds. Europäische Patentanmeldung. EP17164705.0  


Racheva, R, Tietgens, T., Kerner, M. & Smirnova I. 2018. In situ continuous countercurrent cloud point extraction of microalgae cultures. Separation and Purification.

Racheva, R., Rahlf A., Wenzel D., Müller C., Kerner M, and Smirnova I. 2018. Aqueous food-grade and cosmetic-grade surfactant systems for the continuous countercurrent cloud point extraction. SEPPUR 202: 76-85.


Glembin, P, Racheva, R., M. Kerner and I. Smirnova. 2014. Micelle mediated extraction of fatty acids from microalgae cultures: Implementation for outdoor cultivation. Separation and Purification Technology 135: 127–134


Glembin, P, Racheva, R., M. Kerner and I. Smirnova. 2014. Micelle mediated extraction of fatty acids from microalgae cultures: Implementation for outdoor cultivation. Separation and Purification Technology 135: 127–134


Glembin, M. Kerner, and I. Smirnova, Cloud point extraction of microalgae cultures. 2013. Separation and Purification Technology 103: 21-27 


Waste water recycling

Abdel-Shafy, H., Moghazy, R., Mansur, M., Kerner, M. 2023. Growth of microalgae adapted to high light and temperature conditions in different types of wastewater. Wat. Sci. Tech. 88 (12). DOI: 10-2166/wst.2023.381.

Reymann, T., Kerner, M., Kümmerer, K. 2020. Assessment of the biotic and abiotic elimination processes of five micropollutants during cultivation of the green microalgae Acutodesmus obliquus. Bioresource Technology Reports, DOI : 10.1016/j.biteb.2020.100512

Foix-Cablé, M., R. A. Darmawan, M. Sahnoun, S. Hindersin, M. Kerner and M. Kraume. 2018. Nutrient recycling from the effluent of a decentralized anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) treating fresh domestic wastewater by cultivation of the microalgae Acutodesmus obliquus. Water Sci. Technol. 78 (7): 1556-1565.

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